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OECD: Brazil needs to improve greater integrity in public service

27-10-2011. Brazil has made strong progress over the past decade in the fight against misconduct in the public sector, but there is still room to improve procedures to detect and prevent improper acts by officials, according to a new OECD report.
The OECD Integrity Review of Brazil praises the federal government’s efforts to develop institutions and  practices that enhance integrity across the public administration. The report - presented in Brasilia by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria and Jorge Hage, Comptroller General of the Union (Controladoria-Geral da União) - marks the first time that the integrity framework of a G20 country is reviewed by the OECD.
“Integrity cannot depend only on the commitment of leaders. It has to be supported by systems, processes and the organisation of public administration at all levels”. Mr. Gurria said. “Brazil has demonstrated that it is serious about reforming the public sector to prevent corruption. There is still much to do, but this should not overshadow the enormous progress that has already been made. Brazil’s willingness to be reviewed by its peers on an important systemic issue like public integrity also highlights its growing role and profile in international debates and decision-making processes.”
The OECD review focuses on Brazilian action in four key areas: promoting transparency and citizen engagement, implementing risk-based internal control systems, embedding high standards of conduct among public officials and enhancing integrity in public procurement.
Three case studies – on Brazil's federal tax administration, on the Family Grant conditional cash transfer programme, and on the National STD/AIDS Programmes – highlight significant differences in the implementation of integrity measures within public organisations. The case studies show that integrity authorities should provide more practical “how to” guidance and tools to improve performance in individual public organisations, parallel to government-wide initiatives.
Looking ahead, the OECD says that Brazil should:

The OECD Integrity Review of Brazil is the fourth in a series of Public Governance Reviews in Brazil. It follows earlier OECD reviews on Public Budgeting, in 2003, Regulatory Reform, in 2008, and Human Resources Management in Government, in 2010. The OECD is currently conducting a peer review of Brazil’s Supreme Audit Institution (Tribunal de Contas da União), slated for publication in 2012.

The new review supports Brazil’s longstanding international anti-corruption commitments. Brazil has been a signatory to the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions since 2000. It was also one of the eight founding countries that launched the Open Government Partnership – a multilateral intiative to promote transparency, fight corruption and strengthen governance - in New York in September 2011.

Source: OECD

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