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(C) CEPI 2014 - EN643 coverTechnical Norms of (Paper) Recycling Shape EU Policies

The EU’s Waste Framework Directive 2008(2008/98/EC) has been getting in years. A good example is the recycling of paper (EC 2013). For decades it has been sufficient that used-up cellulose products are re-converted again to usable paper. Today, there are what a FAO report (2005) calls a “supply push” for waste paper by environmental policies (e.g. saving natural resources, reducing industrial energy consumption), and a “demand pull” as recovered cellulose is used for many more uses than paper for writing or toilet. R&D in the paper industry is continuously coming up with new and technical uses (e.g. food packaging). Therefore many paper products (e.g. beverage containers) are multi-composites materials, which include reinforcing chemical fibres, barrier coatings, or inks (e.g. polymers, aluminum, etc.) as well as electronic devices (e.g. RFID chips) and other functional components. These changes bring about major challenges for processors of waste in terms of component separation, managing toxicity risks, and turning paper waste into safe (e.g. through deinking) and functional secondary products. From a regulatory point of view a key issue for the recycling industry are the end-of-waste criteria: When does waste end? When is it a “recovered paper product” Last not least, the Waste Frameworl Directive is intimately linked to other regulatory frameworks (e.g. REACH) and with regard to paper to the EU’s forest strategy which is currently being overhauled.FAO 2005 recovered paper development

The ”European list of standard grades of paper and board for recycling” (EN 643; CEN 2014) defines standard grades, the composition and exclusion of papers for recycling most commonly traded in the European Union. It is a technical standard issued by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) and legally binding in the EU member States, Turkey, Norway, Iceland, and Switzerland. EN 643 is based on a consensus by the European Paper Industry mainly comprised by Confederation of European Paper Industries AISBL (CEPI), Bureau International du Recyclage AISBL (ERPA/B.I.R.) and Fédération Européenne des Activités de la Dépollution de l'Environnement aisbl (FEAD). A complementary effort by these industry associations is the (voluntary) implementation of a paper identification system adopted by suppliers in order to meet upcoming regulatory requirements for waste traceability. wk


References
European Committee for Standardization CEN (2014): CEN/TC 172/WG 2 - Paper and board for recycling. EN643.April: http://standards. cen.eu/dyn/www/f?p=CENWEB:7:0::::FSP_ORG_ID:7242&cs= 133C361675B49EC2882AF43A16BDFA505. European Commission (2013): Proposal for a Council Regulation on defining criteria determining when recovered paper ceases to be waste pursuant pursuant to Article 6 (1) of Directive 2008/98/EC on waste. FAO (2005): European Forest Sector Outlook Study 1960-2000-2020. Main report. Genève.

Comment on organisation's press release
18-04-2014 CEPI Guidance for revised EN643 published

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